Social Studies: Technologies, methods and media by Inyang-Abia, M. E. & Esu, A. E. O.

Port Harcourt: Double Diamond Publications(2004)


The initial euphoria innovations in Nigeria usually get dampened as a result of insufficient preparation, irrelevant settings and inadequate resources "including text-books. Yet such well—intentioned innovations often focus on meeting some felt needs of the society such as improved productivity, work habit and maintenance culture. Such is the position facing Social Studies teaching and learning within the Nigerian formal educational System.

Social Studies: Technology, methods and media is a book designed to meet the expanding demand for well-structured, properly documented and modern-oriented text for practising teachers and student-teachers. Teacher trainers and their trainees at all levels of teacher preparation programmes can bene?t from the rich contents of the book. Students and teachers in Faculties and Schools of Education and Social Sciences in Nigerian Universities, Institutes of Education, Colleges of Education, Polytechnics and‘ the Distance Education students of the Nigerian Teachers Institute (NTI) can benefit immensely. The book is an impeccable asset.

From many years of research effort, teaching experience and contact with serving teachers this work derives its strength. Based on problem-solving approach as currently emphasized for the subject area the book expertly puts together the essential contents. The pre-specified behavioural objectives provide a set induction and a study guide for each chapter. The theoretical backing to the subject area is astutely covered in chapters one to three. The other chapters focus on practical aspects of Social Studies. Instructional techniques including brainstorming, devil’s advocate, discussion, the story line and instrucnonal media extensively discussed in the text are very illuminating. Shrewd treatment of the exemplars in some chapters, the elaborate references and the index are useful aids to effective use of the text. Any serious teacher and student who is desirous of self improvement and professional growth will find the text an essential companion.

Prof. (Mrs.) A. E. O. Esu & Prof. M. E. Inyang-Abia

Faculty of Education
University of Calabar
Calabar - Nigeria.
September, 2004


      1.1 Chapter Objectives
      1.2 Social Studies: An innovative concept
      1.3 Conditions for Social Social Studies and the National Policy on Education
      1.4 Social Studies and the National Policy on Education
      1.5 The purpose of teaching Social Studies
      1.6 Chapter Summary
      1.7 Questions for discussion
      Definition and focus of Social Studies
      2.1 Chapter Objectives
      2.2 What is Social Studies
      2.3 Focus of Social Studies
      2.4 Chapter summary
      2.5 Questions for discussion
      Historical development of Social Studies
      3.1 Chapter Objectives
      3.2 The origin and arrival of Social Studies in Africa
      3.3 Some developments in Nigeria
      3.4 Outcome of the 1969 National Curriculum Conference
      3.6 Chapter summary
      3.7 Questions for discussion
      The Power and Purpose of Instructional Objectives in Social Studies
      4.1 Chapter objectives
      4.2 lnstructional objectives
      4.3 Sources of instructional objectives
      4.4 Kinds of instructional objectives
      4.5 Preparation of behavioural objectives
      4.6 Purpose and importance of objectives
      4.7 Chapter summary
      4.8 Questions for discussion
      Instructional materials and technology
      5.1 Chapter objectives
      5.2 Background information
      5.3 Principles for selecting instructional materials
      5.4 Utilization principles for instructional materials
      5.5 Types of instructional materials: The Prints
      5.6 The visuals
      5.7 The audios
      5.8 Audiovisuals
      5.9 Phenomenals
      5.10 Manipulatives
      5.11 Chapter summary
      5.12 Questions for discussion
      Presentation skills and techniques
      6.1 Chapter objectives
      6.2 The principles of "best fit” and multi-strategic approach
      6.3 Advanced organizer
      6.4 Stimulus variation
      6.5 Set induction
      6.6 Attention compelling techniques
      6.7 Reinforcement
      6.8 Chapter summary
      6.9 Questions for discussion
      Instructional methods
      7.1 Chapter objectives
      7.2 What is instructional methods
      7.3 Mass instructional method
      7.4 Individualized Instructional technique
      7.5 Chapter summary
      7.6 Questions for discussion
      Brainstorming: The creativity focused and problem solving method
      8.1 Chapter objectives
      8.2 Some values ofcteativity and prom-solving abilities
      8.3 Brainstonning: De?nition and origin
      8.4 Procedure for brainstorming
      8.5 Merits of brainstorming
      8.6 Demerits of brainstorming
      8.7 Special note
      8.8 Chapter summary
      8.9 Questions for discussion
      Group-focused methods and materials
      9.1 Chapter Objectives
      9.2 Valuable group skills
      9.3 General features of group focused methods
      9.4 Chapter summary
      9.5 Questions for discussion
      The sociometric techniques
      10.1 Chapter objectives
      10.2 Sociometric technique
      10.3 Historical background of sociometric technique
      10.4 Rationale for sociometric technique
      10.5 Procedure for sociometric technique
      10.6 Some practical examples
      10.7 Merits and limitations of the sociometric technique
      10.8 Chapter summary
      10.9 Questions for discussion
      Discussion method
      11.1 Chapter Objectives
      11.2 De?nition
      11.3 Types of discussion
      11.4 Values of discussion
      11.5 Pedagogic implications of discussion
      11.6 Activities and roles in leading discussion
      11.7 Closure
      11.8 Chapter summary
      11.9 Questions of discussion
      Questioning skills and techniques
      12.1 Chapter objectives
      12.2 What is questioning?
      12.3 Pedagogic implications of questioning
      12.4 Rationale for classroom questioning
      12.5 Bloom taxonomy and levels of cognitive questions
      12.6 Probing questions
      12.7 Chapter summary
      12.8 Questions for discussion
      Evaluation in Social Studies
      13.1 Chapter objectives
      13.2 Towards a de?nition of evaluation
      13.3 Types of evaluation
      13.4 Measurement and evaluation
      13.5 Assessment instruments and techniques
      13.6 Observation techniques
      13.7 Manipulated situated technique
      13.8 Anecdotal records
      13.9 Rating scale
      13.10 Checklist
      13.11 Interview technique
      13.12 Sociometric technique
      13.13 Questionnaires
      13.14 Problems associated with evaluation of the affective
      13.15 Chapter summary
      13.16 Questions for discussion

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